Tom Simpson was born on November 30, 1937 and died on July 13, 1967 on the slopes Mt. Ventoux in Southern France.
Through his battles to catch the lead group up the Mt. Ventoux climb after a tortuous stage held in caldron-like temperatures, he collapsed on the barren slopes.
He asked to be put back on his bike where he proceeded a few moments then collapsed again, this time for good.
He died on that stage after consuming a cocktail of amphetamines designed to allow him to push his body through that extra effort.
Unfortunately they may have ruined his ability to handle the heat and been responsible for his death.
Tom Simpson was the first Briton to wear the yellow-jersey in the 1962 Tour de France.
He was also the first Briton to win the World Championship Road Race which he did in 1965 in front of Rudi Altig of Germany and Roger Swerts of Belgium.
In the five monuments of cycling, Simpson won the Tour of Flanders Classic in 1961.
He also won the Milan-San Remo Classic in 1964.
In addition, he won the Tour of Lombardy Classic in 1965.
In all, he won three out of the five cycling monuments.